COVID-19 Measures

All CIISB Core facilities are fully functional. Visits of external foreign users are regulated by the Measures concerning foreigners and border crossing of the Czech Government. Please, check the current status on the web and contact the staff for details.

CIISB offers priority access to groups that need to use CIISB structural biology services for projects directly related to studies of the virus and projects aiming to develop an effective vaccine or treatment. To request priority access, please submit a research proposal with „COVID-19“ in the title of the proposal, through the online application system HERE. Successfully accepted proposals will be free of charge, and no financial contribution will be requested for the measurement/service.

Czech National Centre of the European Research Infrastructure Consortium INSTRUCT ERIC

CIISB video presentation

A gateway to realm of structural data for biochemists, biophysicists, molecular biologist, and all scientists whose research benefits from accurate structure determination of biological macromolecules, assemblies, and complex molecular machineries at atomic resolution.

Open access to 10 high-end core facilities and assisted expertise in NMR, X-ray crystallography and crystallization, cryo-electron microscopy and tomography, biophysical characterization of biomolecular interaction, nanobiotechnology, proteomics and structural mass spectrometry.

A distributed infrastructure constituted by Core Facilities of CEITEC (Central European Institute of Technology), located in Brno, and BIOCEV (Biotechnology and Biomedicine Centre), located in Vestec near Prague, Central Bohemia.

Highlights of Coronavirus Structural Studies

Coronavirus Archive

Research Highlights

the best of science obtained using CIISB Core Facilities

EMBO Journal 2021

The essential fungal‐specific translation elongation factor 3 (eEF3) has been implicated in tRNA binding and release. Combined in vitro and in vivo analyses show that its critical is in release of E‐site‐tRNA from the ribosome during late steps of translocation.

Daniel N. Wilson Research Group

Significance

In addition to the conserved translation elongation factors eEF1A and eEF2, fungi require a third essential elongation factor, eEF3. While eEF3 has been implicated in tRNA binding and release at the ribosomal A and E sites, its exact mechanism of action is unclear. Here, we show that eEF3 acts at the mRNA–tRNA translocation step by promoting the dissociation of the tRNA from the E site, but independent of aminoacyl‐tRNA recruitment to the A site. Depletion of eEF3 in vivo leads to a general slowdown in translation elongation due to accumulation of ribosomes with an occupied A site. Cryo‐EM analysis of native eEF3‐ribosome complexes shows that eEF3 facilitates late steps of translocation by favoring non‐rotated ribosomal states, as well as by opening the L1 stalk to release the E‐site tRNA. Additionally, our analysis provides structural insights into novel translation elongation states, enabling presentation of a revised yeast translation elongation cycle.

Ranjan, N; Pochopien, A ; hih-Chien Wu, C; Beckert, B; Blanchet, S; Green, R; Rodnina, M; Wilson, DN: Yeast translation elongation factor eEF3 promotes late stages of tRNA translocation during RF3-mediated recycling of RF1 EMBO J (2021) 40: e106449; https://doi.org/10.15252/embj.2020106449

 

Angew. Chem. Int. Edit. 2021

Nature Index Journal

A) Hemi‐protonated C⋅C+ base pair. B) Example of a sequence prone to form intramolecular i‐DNA. C) Possible loop arrangements in an i‐DNA structure; Simplified diagram of two linking directions between strands: Central loop can across either major (left, conformation I) or minor (right, conformation II) groove.

Jun-Jie Zhu Research Group

Significance

Recent studies indicate that i‐DNA, a four‐stranded cytosine‐rich DNA also known as the i‐motif, is actually formed in vivo; however, a systematic study on sequence effects on stability has been missing. Herein, an unprecedented number of different sequences (271) bearing four runs of 3–6 cytosines with different spacer lengths has been tested. While i‐DNA stability is nearly independent on total spacer length, the central spacer plays a special role on stability. Stability also depends on the length of the C‐tracts at both acidic and neutral pHs. This study provides a global picture on i‐DNA stability thanks to the large size of the introduced data set; it reveals unexpected features and allows to conclude that determinants of i‐DNA stability do not mirror those of G‐quadruplexes. Our results illustrate the structural roles of loops and C‐tracts on i‐DNA stability, confirm its formation in cells, and allow establishing rules to predict its stability.

Cheng, MP; Qiu, DH; Tamon, L; Istvankova, E; Viskova, P; Amrane, S; Guedin, A; Chen, JL; Lacroix, L; Ju, HX; Trantirek, L; Sahakyan, AB; Zhou, J; and Mergny, JL: Thermal and pH Stabilities of i-DNA: Confronting in vitro Experiments with Models and In-Cell NMR Data Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. on linehttps://doi.org/10.1002/anie.202016801

 

More publications Research Highlights archive

Reader’s Corner

literature to read, science to follow

In this section, a distinct selection of six highly stimulating research publications and reviews published during past 6 months is presented. It is our hope that links to exciting science, which deserves attention of the structural biology community, will help you to locate gems in the steadily expanding jungle of scientific literature. You are welcome to point out to any paper you found interesting by sending a link or citation to readerscorner@ciisb.org. The section is being updated regularly.


 

Reader’s Corner Archive

Quote of April

“Bad times have a scientific value. These are occasions a good learner would not miss.”

Ralph Waldo Emerson

You are running an old browser version. We recommend updating your browser to its latest version.