EMBO J. 2021
The essential fungal‐specific translation elongation factor 3 (eEF3) has been implicated in tRNA binding and release. Combined in vitro and in vivo analyses show that its critical is in release of E‐site‐tRNA from the ribosome during late steps of translocation.
Daniel N. Wilson Research Group
In addition to the conserved translation elongation factors eEF1A and eEF2, fungi require a third essential elongation factor, eEF3. While eEF3 has been implicated in tRNA binding and release at the ribosomal A and E sites, its exact mechanism of action is unclear. Here, we show that eEF3 acts at the mRNA–tRNA translocation step by promoting the dissociation of the tRNA from the E site, but independent of aminoacyl‐tRNA recruitment to the A site. Depletion of eEF3 in vivo leads to a general slowdown in translation elongation due to accumulation of ribosomes with an occupied A site. Cryo‐EM analysis of native eEF3‐ribosome complexes shows that eEF3 facilitates late steps of translocation by favoring non‐rotated ribosomal states, as well as by opening the L1 stalk to release the E‐site tRNA. Additionally, our analysis provides structural insights into novel translation elongation states, enabling presentation of a revised yeast translation elongation cycle.
Ranjan, N.; Pochopien, A.; Chih-Chien Wu, C.; Beckert, B.; Blanchet, S.; Green, R.; Rodnina, M. & Wilson, D. N.: Yeast translation elongation factor eEF3 promotes late stages of tRNA translocation during RF3-mediated recycling of RF1 EMBO J (2021) 40: e106449; https://doi.org/10.15252/embj.2020106449